Pattern Day Trading Rules (PDT)

Margin accounts are flagged as PDT when performing more than 3 day trades in a rolling 5-business day period. Accounts under $25,000 in equity will be set to closing only transactions until a PDT reset is used and or the account closes above $25,000 in equity. Please note that any margin held in futures and or crypto positions will not count towards an account's equity. 


Pattern Day Trader Rules Video

Key Takeaways

  • Margin accounts are flagged as PDT when performing more than 3 day trades in a rolling 5-business day period.
  • Traders are allowed one PDT reset per 90 calendar days.
  • Margin accounts that are flagged as PDT and drop below $25,000 at the end of a trading day will receive an Equity Maintenance (EM) call the next trading day.
  • Margin accounts must end the day at $25,000 or above to meet an EM Call
  • PDT Rules do not apply to futures trading.
  • Margin accounts that are eligible to maintain a PDT status can receive an EM call from a futures position held overnight if it causes your securities account balance to fall under $25,000.
  • PDT reset requests must be submitted by 3:00 pm Central (Chicago Time)

What is an Equity Maintenance (EM) Call?

Issued when an account does not have enough money to maintain a PDT status

A Pattern Day Trader (PDT) Equity Maintenance (EM) call is issued when a margin account falls below $25,000 at the close of business the previous day. As a result of the call, the account is set to closing-only. Additionally, a margin account is flagged as a PDT if it makes more than 3 day trades in a rolling 5 trading-day period, whether intentional or not. Maintaining a PDT status requires a securities account to maintain a balance of $25,000 or higher.

How to Meet an EM Call

Make a Deposit or Submit a Reset (if eligible)

A margin account must close above $25,000 or higher to meet an EM call. Any fluctuations above $25,000 intraday will not meet the call. However, if you cannot meet the call by depositing funds, then you may request a reset to remove a PDT status. Accounts may request a PDT reset once every 90 calendar days.

How do I submit a PDT Reset?

To submit a PDT reset, log in to your account at After signing in, navigate to MY ACCOUNTS>TRADING PREFERENCES or click here. Once inside Trading Preferences, select the account you wish to reset by clicking MORE () if you have multiple accounts. Scroll down to the Reset Pattern Day Trader (PDT) Status section. If your margin account is eligible for a reset then click the green RESET PDT STATUS button, as illustrated below. 

Please keep in mind that any day trades made on the same day that a PDT status reset request is processed will not be removed via the reset and could result in immediate re-classification as a pattern day trader in addition to resetting the 90 day waiting period. PDT resets submitted before 3:15 PM CT will be processed overnight. PDT reset requests submitted after 3:15 PM CT will be processed the following night.

Account is not eligible for a PDT reset

However, if your margin account is not eligible for a PDT reset then the button will show as UNAVAILABLE. The last time you requested a PDT reset and your next available reset will display.

Account is not classified as a Pattern Day Trader

Lastly, if your margin account is not classified as a pattern day trader, then you will see NOT CLASSIFIED PDT because there is nothing to reset.

Holding Futures or Cryptocurrencies Overnight

Accounts above $25,000 can receive an EM call when holding Futures or Digital Currencies overnight

Accounts eligible to maintain a PDT status are subject to an EM call when a futures position or cryptocurrency is held overnight, which can cause your securities account to fall below $25,000. Futures held overnight will result in the overnight requirement sweeping from your securities account (stock and options) to your futures account. When trading and holding digital currency positions over multiple days, the purchase value of the digital currency position purchase will sweep from your securities account to your cryptocurrency account. To learn more about the separation of your securities account from your futures or cryptocurrency account, then please click here.